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Understanding Warrantable vs. Non-Warrantable When Purchasing a Condo

When you’re shopping for a condo, there’s a bit more on your plate than just the typical homebuying concerns like credit scores, interest rates, and loan programs. A crucial aspect is understanding the role of the Homeowners’ Association (HOA) and whether the condo is warrantable or non-warrantable. This distinction can significantly impact your mortgage process and future as a condo owner.

Warrantable Condos: What You Need to Know

A condo is considered warrantable if it meets the standards set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the two main government-sponsored entities in the mortgage industry. These entities buy mortgages on the secondary market, so lenders follow their guidelines to ensure loans are sellable.

For a condo to be warrantable, it must:

  • Not be part of a timeshare.
  • Meet owner-occupancy rate requirements.
  • Contribute at least 10% of its annual budget to its reserve account.
  • Maintain adequate reserves for repairs and maintenance.
  • Ensure a low delinquency rate in HOA dues.
  • Restrict short-term rentals.

Buying a warrantable condo often makes the mortgage process smoother and might even be in your best long-term interest.

Non-Warrantable Condos: Understanding the Risks

A condo may be non-warrantable for several reasons:

  • Ongoing construction or development projects.
  • Active litigation involving the HOA.
  • Low owner-occupancy rates.
  • High concentration of units owned by a single entity.

For example, in a condo community with 5-20 units, Fannie Mae limits ownership to two units per entity. For larger communities, no single entity can own more than 20% of the units, though Freddie Mac allows up to 25%.

Knowing a condo’s warrantability status helps you make an educated decision. Your mortgage advisor can guide you through this process, ensuring you understand which condos meet the requirements for different loan programs.

Government Loans for Condos: FHA and VA

FHA and VA loans have their own criteria for condo warrantability, similar to those of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These agencies maintain lists of approved condo communities, which might not always align with the GSEs’ lists. However, if a condo is approved by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, it often qualifies for FHA or VA loans after their review.

FHA guidelines require:

  • Borrowers to meet standard FHA mortgage criteria.
  • At least half of the community’s units to be owner-occupied.
  • New developments to have at least 30% owner occupancy.

There are no extra charges for financing a condo with an FHA or VA loan compared to a single-family home.

Advantages of Buying a Warrantable Condo

Warrantable condos are easier to finance, with many lenders only offering loans for such properties. Some lenders provide options for both warrantable and non-warrantable condos, but loans for warrantable condos usually come with lower interest rates and down payments, making them more affordable.

Why Warrantability Matters

When buying a detached home, you own the entire structure. But in a condo, the financial and structural health of the entire development affects the risk level for lenders. Therefore, lenders consider not just your credit and down payment but also the condo community’s overall stability.

The HOA owns and maintains common areas and building exteriors, impacting your lender’s collateral. Hence, the lender analyzes both you as a buyer and the condo community’s financial health.

Considering a Non-Warrantable Condo

While some lenders offer loans for non-warrantable condos, it’s crucial to understand potential issues:

  • Higher down payments and interest rates.
  • Possible signs of financial instability if HOA dues are delinquent or reserves are insufficient.
  • Risk of increased HOA dues or special assessments.
  • Limited buyer pool when reselling.

Externally, warrantable and non-warrantable condos might look the same. However, working with your real estate agent and mortgage advisor will reveal important differences affecting your purchase decision.

What’s Ahead For Mortgage Rates This Week – July 15th, 2024

With lofty expectations, the CPI delivered a lower-than-expected inflation increase, leading to a positive uptake across many lending partners and markets. However, the PPI was on the opposite end of that, with a higher-than-expected inflation rate increase, muting the positive response from the CPI data release.

The outlook for a rate cut this year has changed, making the potential for it highly likely. Even Jerome Powell, who usually has a more hawkish response regarding rate cuts, is now leaving some room for this possibility. With the outlooks in favor of a rate cut, we’re seeing the impact across many markets as the potential change for rates is reduced long term.

Consumer Price Index

The cost of consumer goods and services fell in June for the first time since the pandemic in 2020, affirming a recent slowdown in inflation that could impel the Federal Reserve to cut high U.S. interest rates in the next few months. The Consumer Price Index fell 0.1% last month after no change in May, the government said Thursday. That’s the first drop since May 2020 at the height of the pandemic when the economy was mostly shut down.

Producer Price Index

Wholesale costs rose slightly faster than expected in June, but not enough to counter a recent string of reports showing inflation has slowed again. The Producer Price Index advanced 0.2% last month, the government said Friday. That was a touch faster than Wall Street’s 0.1% forecast.

Consumer Credit

Total consumer credit rose $11.3 billion in May, up from a $6.5 billion gain in the prior month, the Federal Reserve said Monday. Economists had been expecting a $8 billion gain, according to a Wall Street Journal survey. The rise in May translates into a 2.7% annual rate, stronger than the 1.5% rise in the prior month.

Primary Mortgage Market Survey Index

  • 15-Yr FRM rates are seeing a decrease by -0.08% with the current rate at 6.17%
  • 30-Yr FRM rates are seeing a decrease by -0.06% with the current rate at 6.89%

MND Rate Index

  • 30-Yr FHA rates are seeing a decrease by -0.25% for this week. Current rates at 6.25%
  • 30-Yr VA rates are seeing a decrease by -0.26% for this week. Current rates at 6.26%

Jobless Claims

Initial Claims were reported to be 222,000 compared to the expected claims of 236,000. The prior week landed at 239,000.

What’s Ahead

Proceeding reports after the inflation data releases are, as expected, having a very light release schedule. The only notable release are the retail sales reports which indicate how much consumers have leveraged their purchasing power in the last quarter.

The Difference Between Pending And Contingent Deals

The real estate market can be a bit confusing, especially when you encounter terms like “pending” and “contingent” deals. Understanding these terms is crucial whether you’re a buyer or a seller, as they can significantly impact the progression of a property transaction.

What Is a Contingent Deal?

A contingent deal occurs when a seller has accepted an offer from a buyer, but the sale is dependent on certain conditions being met. These conditions, or contingencies, are clauses included in the contract that must be satisfied for the sale to proceed. Common contingencies include:

  • Home Inspection Contingency: The buyer can back out or negotiate repairs if significant issues are found during the inspection.
  • Appraisal Contingency: The deal depends on the property being appraised at a value equal to or greater than the agreed-upon purchase price.
  • Financing Contingency: The sale hinges on the buyer securing a mortgage loan.
  • Sale of Buyer’s Property Contingency: The buyer must sell their current home before purchasing the new one.

While the property is marked as “contingent,” it remains on the market, and other buyers can submit backup offers. However, the initial buyer typically has the first right to proceed with the purchase once the contingencies are resolved.

What Is a Pending Deal?

A pending deal indicates that all contingencies have been met, and the transaction is in its final stages before closing. At this point, the property is effectively off the market, and no new offers are being considered. The steps that typically remain in a pending deal include:

  • Finalizing Financing: The buyer completes the mortgage process.
  • Title Search and Insurance: Ensuring the property title is clear of any liens or disputes.
  • Final Walkthrough: The buyer conducts a last check of the property to ensure it’s in the agreed-upon condition.
  • Closing: The final step where all documents are signed, and ownership is officially transferred.

Key Differences

The main difference between pending and contingent deals lies in the stage of the transaction process. Contingent deals have unresolved conditions that could potentially derail the sale while pending deals have cleared these hurdles and are moving toward closing.

Understanding these terms helps buyers and sellers manage their expectations and strategize accordingly. For buyers, knowing the status can influence the timing and approach to making an offer. For sellers, it’s essential to keep the transaction moving smoothly to transition from contingent to pending status successfully.

Why It Matters

In a competitive real estate market, knowing whether a property is contingent or pending can help buyers decide where to focus their efforts. For sellers, understanding these terms ensures you’re better prepared for each stage of the sale and can address potential issues proactively.

Navigating the real estate landscape involves many such nuances, and being well-informed can make the process smoother and more successful for all parties involved.